Today on Drink Tank, Roger Magnusson, Professor of Health Law and Governance at the Sydney Law School, asks why governments, with the one exception of tobacco control, are reluctant to embrace evidence-based policy measures in the area of preventive health.
When I looked up from marking exams and saw the look on Barnaby Joyce’s face, I just knew he was seeing red about the Grattan Institute’s proposal for a sugary drinks tax, levied at a rate of 40 cents per 100 grams of sugar.
The Grattan Institute report estimates that such a tax would reduce the consumption of sugary drinks by about 15% and generate up to half a billion dollars that could help to pay for a broad array of obesity-related programs.
Imagine! A public health policy that fights obesity, diabetes and tooth decay AND generates revenue.
The National Party hate the idea. Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the Nationals, Barnaby Joyce told reporters:
“If you want to deal with being overweight, here’s a rough suggestion: stop eating so much, and do a bit of exercise. There’s two bits of handy advice and you get that for free. The National Party will not be supporting a sugar tax”.
Well that’s what he said.
But here’s what I heard: “We know that obesity and diabetes are out of control. But we have ideological objections to being part of the solution”.
The same day that Minister Joyce shared these thoughts with reporters, the Australian Food and Grocery Council issued a press release saying that it was seeking a “constructive response to obesity”.
“Obesity is a serious and complex public health issue with no single cause or quick-fix solution”, explained the AFGC, but “it is not beneficial to blame or tax a single component of the diet”.
With most complex issues, you start somewhere. You come up with evidence-informed policies and you try them out. You rigorously evaluate their performance and learn by doing.
But not with obesity. “Complexity” is the new enemy of action. Since the causes of obesity are complex, every “single” policy advanced in response can be dismissed as a dangerously simplistic solution to a complex problem.
Welcome to obesity, the problem we’re not allowed to start to fix.
Except with personal responsibility, of course.
Personal responsibility… the answer to obesity, traffic accidents, terrorism, Zika virus, perhaps everything?
In a limited sense, Barnaby Joyce is right.
The only cure for personal obesity is personal responsibility.
But personal responsibility has turned out to be a spectacularly poor solution to “societal obesity”.
By societal obesity, I am referring to the trend towards overweight and obesity that has arisen over the past few decades and now affects the majority of adult men and women (and more than one in four children).
Since each of us is an individual, and because we live in a culture that prizes individual autonomy, it’s easy to fall into the trap of believing that individual effort, personal motivation, is the solution to the world’s ills.
But just as the global epidemics of obesity and diabetes were not caused by a catastrophic, global melt-down in personal responsibility, personal responsibility is equally unlikely to provide the magic solution.
That’s where public policies come in.
Governments know all this, but with the exception of tobacco control, they seem reluctant to apply their knowledge in the area of preventive health.
The fact is, from road traffic accidents to terrorism, smart governments:
- acknowledge the complexity of the factors that contribute to societal problems;
- They acknowledge that multiple interventions are needed, in many settings;
- They acknowledge that possible solutions need to be trialled now, under conditions of uncertainty, instead of handing the problem to future generations.
- They monitor the actions they take, because healthy public policy is a dynamic, ongoing process; and finally
- They give a damn. Meaning that they recognise they are accountable to the community for helping to solve difficult, societal problems, and for the performance of the public policies they administer.
Imagine if Australia’s government took that approach with obesity.
The debate about a sugary drinks tax is here to stay: it will never go away
A tax on sugary drinks will get National Party politicians in trouble with sugar producers, and Liberal Party politicians in trouble with big food.
The real problem is that it might work. Based on the experience of Mexico, a sugary drinks tax will very likely cause consumers to purchase fewer sugary drinks.
Despite batting it away, a tax on sugary drinks is on the public agenda, and it’s here to stay. I don’t see the sugary drinks industry winning on this issue indefinitely.
Partly because Australian health researchers will keep it on the agenda.
It will come back, and back. Especially as evidence of its success accumulates overseas.
One conversation worth having is how revenues from a sugary drinks tax might support agricultural producers in rural Australia, helping to cushion them from the adverse effects (if any) of the tax and creating incentives for the production of a sustainable and healthy food supply.
That is simply one question worth considering during the process of developing a national nutrition policy (which we don’t currently have).
In the meantime, Australian health advocates need to broaden their base.
Advocacy for public policy action on obesity needs to become more closely integrated with advocacy on food security. And advocacy in both areas needs to be linked more closely to action on reducing health inequalities.
But enough about all that. You really came here for Barnaby, didn’t you?
OK, here he is:
The ATO is not a better solution than jumping in the pool and going for a swim. The ATO is not a better solution than reducing your portion size. So get yourself a robust chair and a heavy table and, halfway through the meal, put both hands on the table and just push back. That will help you lose weight.”
This post was originally published on https://sydneyhealthlaw.com/